Physical medicine is a field of medicine that deals with the study and application of various forms of physical energy for the purpose of prevention, diagnosis, therapy, metaflake and medical rehabilitation. This field of medicine gained full recognition when the great importance of physical therapy was confirmed in the complex rehabilitation procedure of the sick and injured.

Division of physical medicine:

  • Physical prophylaxis
  • Physical diagnostics
  • Physical therapy

Physical therapy

Physical therapy is a part of physical medicine that deals with the application of various forms of physical energy for the purpose of prevention, treatment and functional training of patients and injured. The term "physical therapy" comes from the Greek word "fysis", which means "natural", referring to the use of natural factors for healing purposes. Physical therapy is described as one of the oldest methods of treatment, and the first records of this treatment appear in ancient Rome and Greece. Natural factors for the purpose of treatment used even the ancient Chinese. Thanks to advances and the development of technology, especially electronics, instrumental physical therapy has experienced great expansion. Physical therapy is also used during postoperative recovery. It can be used as the only means of treatment or in combination with other methods. Physical therapy presents a method of treatment used for problems that restrict movement and makes the quality of life difficult to obtain and daily tasks and activities hard to perform. The application of physical therapy relieves pain, improves the functioning of the locomotor system. After the examination, an individual program is formed for each patient, the goal is as mentioned - the reduce of pain and restoration of functioning as much as possible. The goal is also the improvement of joint mobility and restoration of muscle flexibility as well as strength, endurance, coordination and balance. In most cases, physical therapy implies some form of exercise. There can be stretching exercises, strengthening, light loads excercises, walking and the like. It is also possible to create a program that the patient could follow at home.

Tasks of physical therapy

  • reducing or eliminating pain
  • improving local circulation and metabolism
  • tissue repair and regeneration
  • increasing soft tissue elasticity
  • regeneration of damaged nerves
  • increasing weakened muscle strength and improving coordination of movements

When can physical therapy help?

Recovery after injuries - Physical therapy can help with recovery after injuries and prevention so that injuries do not recur. Helps with elimination pain in the muscles of tendons or ligaments, strengthens muscles, increases flexibility and amplitude of movement. Chronic problems - Physical therapy relieves ailments chronic problems and can help improve quality of life. It can be significantly contribute to the improvement of Parkinson's disease, spinal stenosis, arthritis ...

Today, patients often choose to receive physical therapy in specialists private medicine institutions. The reason for this is often time savings, adaptability to doctor's appointments, often better service than in state centers, the use of modern equipment, possibility of combination with other methods treatment, because then the results of treatment are incomparably better. Confidence in expertise, the experience of the physiatrist to recognize the problem and successfully lead the treatment as well as the knowledge for the application of therapy by physicians and physiotherapists are crucial. Physical therapy, depending on the problem being treated, lasts a long time, often several months. For this reason, it is important to choose a specialized institution that you will trust.